Biography of John Lennon

Published At: 08 January 2021 , 06:19 PM

Biography of John Lennon

John Lennon was born in the English port city of Liverpool. His mother Julia and father Alfred Lennon practically did not live together. Soon after the birth of his son, Alfred was taken to the front, and Julia met another man and married him. When John was 4 years old, he moved to live with his mother's sister Mimi Smith, who had no children of her own. The boy rarely saw his mother, their relationship was more friendly than maternal-filial.


John had a fairly high IQ, but he did very poorly at school, as he could not endure the routine of daily activities. But the boy began to realize his creative potential as a child. John sang in the choir, published his magazine, and painted with talent.

When the rock and roll boom hit England in the mid-50s, teenagers began to create their bands at every step. Young Lennon did not stand aside either. He organized the collective "The Quarrymen", the name was given to him by the school in which all its members studied.


A year later, the first boy from another part of the city joined the group. He was younger than the others, but he played the guitar much better. It was Paul McCartney who soon brought in George Harrison, who studied with him.

Graduating from secondary school, John Lennon managed to fail all final exams and the only educational institution that agreed to accept an unusual teenager was Liverpool College of Art.

John Lennon in his youth

But even art education did not appeal to John. He spent more and more time with Paul, George, and Stuart Sutcliffe, whom he met in college and invited him to play bass at The Quarrymen. Soon the band's name was changed to "Long Johnny and Silver Beetles", and later shortened to the last word, changed one letter to include a pun in the name, and became known as " The Beatles ".


"The Beatles"

Since the beginning of the 60s, the guys have completely focused on music. They not only did their cover versions of famous hits but also began writing their songs. Gradually, the group became popular in their native Liverpool, after which the Beatles traveled several times to Hamburg, where they played in nightclubs.

John Lennon and the Beatles early in their careers

At the time, the band's music style and the image were standard for a rock band: leather jackets, cowboy boots, Elvis Presley hairstyles, and so on. But in 1961, Brian Epstein became the manager of the Beatles, who completely changed their appearance.

The guys change into formal suits without lapels, begin to behave professionally on stage. The world-famous Beatles hairstyle was invented by the German photographer Astrid Kircher, for the sake of which Stuart Sutcliffe stayed in Germany.


The change in the image contributed to the popularity of the collective. The Beatles' performance at the Royal Concert Hall drew attention to the group even more, where John Lennon said the famous phrase:

“Those who sit in cheap seats, applaud. The rest can clink their jewels. "

Later he will be the author of another phrase that excited the public:

"We're more popular now than Jesus."

After the release of the first single "Love Me Do" and the subsequent full-length album "Please Please Me", Beatlemania began in the UK. And after the release of the new single "I Want to Hold Your Hand", a wave of popularity swept across America, and then the whole world.


For the next few years, the Beatles lived practically on suitcases, touring non-stop and releasing one album after another.

In 1967, when John, Paul, George, and Ringo stopped touring and focused on recording and writing new songs, Lennon began to lose interest in the band. At first, he gave up the role of leader of the Beatles, then for the first time in many years began to compose separately from McCartney.

John Lennon and Paul McCartney

Previously, they created all the songs only together. After releasing several more very successful records, the group ceased to exist. Officially it happened in 1970, but the team had problems over the past 2 years.


Solo career

John Lennon recorded his first independent album in 1968 and called it "Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins". Yoko Ono also took part in the work on this disc. It was a musical psychedelic experiment that was recorded overnight. There are no songs on this disc, it consists of a fragmentary set of sounds, screams, and groans. The following works "Wedding Album" and "Unfinished Music No.2: Life With The Lions" are kept in a similar vein.

The first "song" album was the "John Lennon / Plastic Ono Band", released in 1970. And the next album "Imagine", released a year later, practically repeated the success of the last albums of "The Beatles". The title song became the singer's hallmark and is still considered one of the anti-political and anti-religious hymns.


On the list of "500 Greatest Songs of All Time", which was compiled by Rolling Stone magazine in 2004, this song took 3rd place.